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Are Instructions to Manipulate Specific Parameters of Laryngeal Function Associated with Auditory-Perceptual Ratings of Voice Quality in Nondisordered Speakers?

  • Catherine J. Madill
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence and reprint requests to Catherine J. Madill, Discipline of Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, PO Box 170, Lidcombe, NSW 1825, Australia.
    Affiliations
    Discipline of Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, New South Wales, Australia
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  • Christine Sheard
    Affiliations
    Discipline of Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, New South Wales, Australia
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  • Robert Heard
    Affiliations
    Discipline of Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, New South Wales, Australia
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Published:December 16, 2016DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.10.008

      Summary

      Objectives/Hypothesis

      This preliminary study investigated whether auditory-perceptual judgments of voice quality by experienced speech language pathologists were associated with instructions given to speakers to manipulate specific laryngeal postures.

      Study Design

      Experimental, within-subject design.

      Methods

      Nine speakers were instructed and trained to manipulate three vocal parameters implicated in functional voice disorders—false vocal fold constriction, vocal fold mass, and larynx height—while reading a standard passage. Experienced judges rated these standard passages in terms of the widely used perceptual voice qualities breathiness, roughness, vocal strain, glottal fry, tone onset, tone color, loudness, and pitch.

      Results

      Between-subject factorial analysis of variance, controlling for judge unreliability, revealed some evidence that perceptual judgments are strongly associated with underlying laryngeal muscle activity that can then serve clinical planning of goals for intervention. Eta2 effect sizes were large for all dependent measures, ranging from 0.39 for pitch to 0.77 for strained.

      Conclusions

      Although these results are encouraging, they were obtained under ideal conditions. Further research is warranted.

      Key Words

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