Vocal Release Time of Mandarin Vowels at Different Pitch Levels

  • Author Footnotes
    1 Mailing address in English: School of International Studies, Henan Normal University, No. 46, East Jianshe Road, Xinxiang Municipality, Henan Province, China, Zip code: 453007.
    ,
    Author Footnotes
    2 Mailing address in Chinese: 中国, 河南省, 新乡市, 建设东路46号, 河南师范大学外国语学院, 张锐锋(收), 邮编:453007, Tel.: 86-15716478778.
    Ruifeng Zhang
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence and reprint requests to Ruifeng Zhang, School of International Studies, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang Municipality, Henan Province, China.
    Footnotes
    1 Mailing address in English: School of International Studies, Henan Normal University, No. 46, East Jianshe Road, Xinxiang Municipality, Henan Province, China, Zip code: 453007.
    2 Mailing address in Chinese: 中国, 河南省, 新乡市, 建设东路46号, 河南师范大学外国语学院, 张锐锋(收), 邮编:453007, Tel.: 86-15716478778.
    Affiliations
    School of International Studies, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang Municipality, Henan Province, China
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 Mailing address in English: School of International Studies, Henan Normal University, No. 46, East Jianshe Road, Xinxiang Municipality, Henan Province, China, Zip code: 453007.
    2 Mailing address in Chinese: 中国, 河南省, 新乡市, 建设东路46号, 河南师范大学外国语学院, 张锐锋(收), 邮编:453007, Tel.: 86-15716478778.

      Summary

      Objective

      To explore how vocal release time (VRT) varies when young adults articulate the three Chinese vertex vowels with increasingly higher pitch levels.

      Study design

      Sound pressure (SP) and electroglottographic (EGG) signals were recorded synchronously from 53 males and 53 females saying sustained /A/, /i/, /u/ at five equally spaced pitch heights, each being higher than the one before.

      Methods

      About 3030 effective ST (semitone) and VRT measures were obtained. Statistical analyses of them were done by using SPSS 13.0 and Excel 2010.

      Findings

      As mean STs increase linearly from pitch levels one to five, mean VRTs display a rise-fall pattern in a big group of subjects, but a fall-rise pattern in a small group of them. In both cases, pitch and VRT tend to present a curvilinear relationship, although VRT varies in opposite directions. And also, high vowels tend to have larger VRT than low vowels.

      Key Words

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