Research Article| Volume 36, ISSUE 1, P76-82, January 2022

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Effect of Respiratory Muscle Training on Pitch Range and Sound Duration in Brass Instrument Players and Singers



      Effective use of respiratory organs is important for musicians. Therefore, the impact of Respiratory Muscle Training (RMT) on phonation is open to research. The aim of this study was to investigate the measurable effects of RMT on blowing in brass instrumental and on voice performance in singers.


      Thirty musicians were recruited and separated into a four groups. The brass instrumental and singers groups were further subdivided into control and RMT groups for a 4 week RMT intervention giving a total four groups: singers experimental (SE; n:10), singers control (SC; n:10), brass instrument players experimental (BIPE; n:5), and BIPC (n:5). The groups selected from the musicians of Samsun State Opera and Ballet Directorate and Samsun Metropolitan Municipality Band Team participated in the study.


      After 4 weeks of RMT application in the study groups, significant increase in all parameters except Forced vital capacity/Forced expiratory volume in 1 second was observed in the values of pulmonary function tests and respiratory muscle strength in subjects with SE and BIPE (P < 0.05). The most significant results of this study are that in addition to changes in the duration of phonation (SE 36%), high-pitch (SE 79%, BIPE 27%) and low-pitch sounds (BIPE 61% and SE 42%), the SE (15%) and BIPE (3%) groups reached higher pitches in the high-pitch notes.


      It was determined that performance of the highest and lowest pitch sounds within a vocal register in a single breath and phonation times can be improved by RMT.

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