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Sense of Coherence and Coping Strategies in Patients With Dysphonia

  • Gabriella de Freitas Valadares
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence and reprint requests to Gabriella de Freitas Valadares, Department Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Av. Professor Alfredo Balena, 190, Belo Horizonte, MG 30130-100, Brazil.
    Affiliations
    Department Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Faculty of Medicine of Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
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  • Ingrid Gomes Perez Occhi-Alexandre
    Affiliations
    Department Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Faculty of Medicine of Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
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  • Letícia Caldas Teixeira
    Affiliations
    Department Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology, Faculty of Medicine of Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil
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Published:October 21, 2020DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2020.09.012

      SUMMARY

      Aim

      To analyze sense of coherence (SOC) of dysphonic individuals considering the type and degree of dysphonia, coping strategies, and sociodemographic variables.

      Methods

      This cross-sectional study was performed with 50 dysphonic individuals under follow-up at a Brazilian Speech-Language Pathology Clinic. They answered a questionnaire with sociodemographic information, the PEED-10 (Brazilian Voice Disability Coping Questionnaire) and the Brazilian version of Sense of Coherence scale. The SOC was categorized as high or low using Cluster analysis. After descriptive analysis, data were analyzed through both the bivariate and multivariate logistic regression model method and the Spearman's correlation test (P< 0.05).

      Results

      Most individuals presented a high SOC (60%). Individuals with mild dysphonia were 7.00 times more likely to present high SOC (95% CI = 1.24-39.38).  Individuals between 45 and 70 years old were 5.03 times more likely to present high SOC (95% CI = 1.25-20.28). In addition, the higher SOC, as well as the scores of manageability domain, the lower the use of strategies focused on emotion.

      Conclusion

      Patients with mild dysphonia are more likely to have a high SOC. The same goes for individuals over the fourth decade of life. Also, the greater the SOC, the fewer emotional strategies are used to cope with dysphonia.

      Key Words

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