Comparison Between Combination of Resonant Voice Therapy and Vocal Hygiene Education and Vocal Hygiene Education Only for Female Elementary School Teachers

Published:October 13, 2020DOI:



      The study compares the rehabilitation outcome of two voice intervention methods for female elementary school teachers with self-reported voice disorders.


      A total of 34 female teachers from two primary schools volunteered in the study. Participants from one school were assigned to the experimental group (16 teachers), who received the combination of vocal hygiene education and resonant voice therapy. Participants from the other school were assigned to the control group (18 teachers), who received vocal hygiene education only. Pre- and post-treatment data were compared.


      The total score of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI) decreased significantly from 12.19 ± 8.58 to 8.63 ± 7.27 (P < 0.05); the functional score of VHI significantly decreased from 5.38 ± 3.9 to 3.81 ± 3.62 (P < 0.05). No statistical significance was found in physiological and emotional scores of VHI. No statistical significance was found in the control group. In the experimental group, the maximum phonation time was increased from 14.34 ± 6.80s to 17.21 ± 6.06s (P < 0.05), Jitter decreased from 0.45% ± 0.13% to 0.26% ± 0.05% (P < 0.05), and Shimmer decreased from 0.21 ± 0.10. to 0.12 ± 0.03 (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the harmonic to noise ratio increased from 23.06 ± 2.99 to 25.23 ± 1.92 (P < 0.05), Spectrum Convergence Ratio increased from 0.53 ± 0.12 to 0.60 ± 0.11 (P < 0.05), yet no statistical significance was found in Nonlinear Energy Difference Ratio data for the experimental group. No statistical significance was found in the control group. In the auditory perception assessment (GRBAS), the G score decreased from 1.19 ± 0.54 to 0.81 ± 0.40 (P < 0.05), and the R score decreased from 1.19 ± 0.54 to 0.75 ± 0.45 (P < 0.05) in the experimental group. No statistical significance was found in the B, A, and S scores in the experimental group; moreover, none of the GRBAS scores in the control group demonstrated statistical significance. In the voice type component profile (VTC), the proportion of VTC1 of the experimental group increased significantly, while the proportions of VTC3 and VTC4 decreased significantly, indicating the improvement of voice quality was obvious after the intervention. The proportions of VTC of the control group did not demonstrate significant change.


      The results of this study show that a combination of vocal hygiene education and resonant voice therapy can significantly improve the voice function of professional voice users and effectively improve their voice quality. In this study, the professional voice users receiving vocal hygiene education only did not show significant improvement of their voice quality.

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