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A Novel Source-Filter Stochastic Model for Voice Production

  • E. Cataldo
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence and reprint requests to E. Cataldo, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Rua Passo da Patria, 156, Niteroi, Brazil.
    Affiliations
    Universidade Federal Fluminense, Graduate program in Electrical and Telecommunications Engineering, Niterói, RJ, Brazil
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  • L. Monteiro
    Affiliations
    Universidade Federal Fluminense, Graduate program in Electrical and Telecommunications Engineering, Niterói, RJ, Brazil
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  • C. Soize
    Affiliations
    Université Gustave Eiffel, Laboratoire Modélisation et Simulation Multi Echelle, Marne-La-Vallée, France
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Published:January 01, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2020.11.015

      Abstract

      The novel stochastic model to produce voiced sounds proposed in this paper uses the source-filter Fant theory to generate voice signals and, consequently, it does not consider the coupling between the vocal tract and the vocal folds. Two novelties are proposed in the paper. The first one is the new model obtained from the unification of two other deterministic one mass-spring-damper models obtained from the literature and the second one is to build a stochastic model which can generate and control the level of jitter resulting even in hoarse voice signals or with pathological characteristics but using a simpler model than those ones discussed in the literature. An inverse stochastic problem is then solved for two cases, considering a normal voice and other obtained from a case of paralysis on the vocal folds. The parameters of the model are identified in the two cases allowing the validation of the model.

      Keywords

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