Assessment of Subjective and Objective Voice Analysis According to Types of Sulcus Vocalis



      Sulcus vocalis (SV) subtypes are difficult to diagnose. Non-invasive techniques are sometimes not feasible in the diagnosis. The study aims to demonstrate the effectiveness and applicability of objective and subjective voice analysis combined with videolaryngostroboscopic examination (VLS) in the diagnosis of SV types.

      Material and Methods

      This is a retrospective study that includes patients who presented to Phoniatric outpatient clinic with complaints related to voice and diagnosed with SV on VLS examination between 2017-2020. The SV type was determined based on VLS findings and the patients were categorized into respective groups. Between- and within-group assessment of objective and subjective voice analysis of SV types was conducted.


      47 patients were included in the study; Type I, Type II, Type III SV patients were 16, 17, and 14 in number, respectively. Fundamental frequency (F0) and Shimmer (%) values were significantly high in Type II and III SV cases, whereas the Maximum Phonation Time (MPT) was significantly low. GRBAS, Voice Handicap Index -10 (VHI-10), Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) scores were statistically significantly high in pathological SV and Voice Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) scores were low. A moderate correlation between VHI-10 and V-RQOL and between RSI and V-RQOL was detected.


      Objective and subjective voice analysis in Type II and III SV show a significant difference compared to Type I SV. The use of objective and subjective voice analysis combined with VLS examination can be helpful in the diagnosis of SV types.

      Key Words

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