Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Towards Vocal Health Care Amongst Indian Carnatic Singers

  • Raveena M Nair
    Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
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  • Ashwini Joshi
    Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Houston, Texas, United States of America
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  • Dhanshree R Gunjawate
    Address correspondence and reprint requests to Dr Dhanshree R Gunjawate, Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
    Department of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
    Search for articles by this author



      The knowledge, attitudes and practices of Indian Carnatic singers is a dimension that yet to be explored in detail. The aim of the current study was to explore these knowledge, attitudes, and practices amongst Indian Carnatic singers towards vocal health care.
      Study design:  Cross-sectional online questionnaire-based study.


      A cross-sectional online questionnaire-based study design was used to explore the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of Indian Carnatic singers towards vocal health care. The study was conducted in two phases, phase I involved questionnaire development and validation while phase II involved collection of data and further analysis.


      One hundred trained self-identified Indian Carnatic singers participated in this study. These singers displayed good knowledge and positive attitudes towards vocal health care. A preference (73%) towards home remedies was noted as compared to seeking medical attention. The measures reported by the singers for maintaining good vocal health revealed use of several home remedies, vocal as well as non-vocal measures.


      The findings of the present study reveal the knowledge and attitude of Indian Carnatic singers towards vocal health care as well as highlight several interesting practices.

      Key words

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