Considerations for Voice and Communication Training Software for Transgender and Nonbinary People


      Transgender and gender diverse people often experience voice-gender incongruence, which is inversely correlated with health and quality of life. Such incongruence could be reduced with voice and communication training, but expert-administered training is often inaccessible while self-guided training is difficult and potentially risky. Training could alternatively be provided through software (eg, smartphone apps), but such software is at an early stage. This qualitatively driven mixed-methods study thus includes surveys and interviews with 21 transfeminine, transmasculine and nonbinary people to identify general views of voice and communication training software as well as most desirable features of such software. Participants were positive about the general idea and described ways to effectively implement four critical features: feedback, accountability, automated goal setting, and training characteristics other than pitch. They also discussed optional or undesirable features. These findings may inform development of voice and communication training software, thus improving health and quality of life for gender minorities.

      Key Words


      HRT (hormone replacement therapy), IQR (interquartile range), SLP (speech-language pathologist), TGGD (transgender and gender diverse), VCT (voice and communication training)
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