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Sex and Age Stratified Voice Data in Japanese Vocally Healthy Individuals: Vocal Capacity

      Summary

      Objective

      There is no normative voice dataset regarding the vocal capacity of Japanese speakers in the English literature. We collected age- and sex-stratified data on the vocal capacity of vocally healthy Japanese speakers.

      Methods

      In total, 111 vocally healthy Japanese speakers (42 men and 69 women) were divided into the young (13 men and 30 women), middle-aged (18 men and 27 women), and elderly (11 men and 12 women) groups. Participants underwent duration-, intensity-, and pitch-related vocal capacity tests using either a conventional method or an aerodynamic method or both. The data obtained were statistically analyzed in terms of age and sex.

      Results

      Overall, the duration- and pitch-related parameters measured by the conventional method were generally comparable to the previous results in the literature, while duration-, pitch-, and intensity-related parameters measured by the aerodynamic method differed significantly from them. Significant sex differences were noted in all parameters in the duration-, intensity-, and pitch-related vocal capacity tests. Furthermore, significant age-related changes were observed in all parameters, except for the mean flow rate and highest pitch measured by the aerodynamic method.

      Conclusion

      This study is the first to provide a sex- and age-stratified database of the normative vocal capacity data of Japanese speakers. However, further improvements will be needed in the assessment protocols, conditions, or devices used for the duration-, intensity-, and pitch-related vocal capacity tests in the aerodynamic method.

      Key Words

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