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Validity and Reliability of the Dutch Children's Voice Handicap Index-10

      Summary

      Objectives

      Voice-related quality of life (Qol) questionnaires provide the clinician with information regarding the impact of voice disorders on the patient's well-being. The available voice-related QoL tools for Dutch-speaking children are parent-proxy in nature. However, the use of proxy measurements has been debated in the literature. The Children's Voice Handicap Index-10 (CVHI-10) is a self-reported QoL tool for dysphonic children. Therefore, the aim of this study is to develop and validate a Dutch version of the CVHI-10.

      Study design

      Observational, prospective, cross-sectional study.

      Methods

      The original version of the CVHI-10 was translated and adapted to Dutch according to the recommendations of the Quality of Life Special Interest Group - Translation and Cultural Adaptation group. Subsequently, the questionnaire was individually completed by 77 children (dysphonic group: n = 30, control group: n = 47) between eight and 14 years. In order to investigate test-retest reliability, 50% of the participants were asked to complete the questionnaire twice with an interval of 2 weeks. Internal consistency, test-retest reliability and construct validity were calculated. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was conducted to check the sensitivity and specificity levels of the instrument.

      Results

      Internal consistency measured with Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.745. Test-retest reliability measured with intraclass correlation coefficients was 0.718. Mean total CVHI-10 score was 6.17 ± 2.7 in the dysphonic group and 2.68 ± 2.6 in the control group. The difference in total score between the groups was statistically significant (P < 0.001), suggesting that the tool has good construct validity. ROC analysis demonstrated moderate diagnostic accuracy (area under the curve = 0.869) and suggested a cut-off score of 3.5.

      Conclusions

      The Dutch CVHI-10 is the first self-reported voice-related QoL tool for dysphonic Dutch-speaking children. It is a valid, reliable and sensitive tool to assess the impact of a voice disorder on the child's well-being.

      Key Words

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