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Quality of Life Predictors in Voice of Individuals With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

  • Gabriele dos Anjos Palagi da Silva
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence and reprint requests to Gabriele dos Anjos Palagi da Silva, Fisioterapia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Av. Roraima no 1000, Building 26D, room 1441, 97105-900 Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
    Affiliations
    Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
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  • Author Footnotes
    # Graduate student in Human Communication Disorders, at Master's level, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
    Thais Dias Feltrin
    Footnotes
    # Graduate student in Human Communication Disorders, at Master's level, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.
    Affiliations
    Institutional Psychopedagogy at Centro Universitário Internacional, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil
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  • Fernanda dos Santos Pichini
    Affiliations
    Human Communication Disorders, at master's level, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
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  • Carla Aparecida Cielo
    Affiliations
    Department of Speech Therapy and the Graduate Program in Human Communication Disorders, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
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  • Adriane Schmidt Pasqualoto
    Affiliations
    Department of Physiotherapy and the Graduate Program in Human Communication Disorders, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
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  • Author Footnotes
    # Graduate student in Human Communication Disorders, at Master's level, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria, RS, Brazil.

      Summary

      Objective

      To investigate whether there is a relationship between voice-related quality of life, pulmonary function, risk of dysphagia, symptoms of dyspnea, and the different degrees of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, and to verify which factors may be associated to voice-related quality of life.

      Methods

      Complete records of 37 individuals diagnosed with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, of both sexes, aged between 35 and 89, assessed using the Voice-Related Quality of Life Questionnaire, Questionnaire for Dysphagia Screening, Modified Medical Research Council, Index of Body Mass, Peak Expiratory Flow, COPD Assessment Test and Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease classification.

      Results

      There was a significant, moderate, and negative correlation between the total scores and the physical domain scores of the Voice-Related Quality of Life as a COPD Assessment Test. In the multivariate linear regression analysis, the coefficient of determination explained 51.1% of the relationship between the total Voice-Related Quality of Life score and the independent variables: Peak Expiratory Flow and Questionnaire for Dysphagia Screening.

      Conclusion

      In the analyzed group, voice-related quality of life was negatively influenced by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, risk of dysphagia, and changes in Peak Expiratory Flow.

      Key Words

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