Cross-cultural Adaptation of the Consensus Auditory-perceptual Evaluation of Voice (CAPE-V) Into Malay: A Validity Study


      Auditory-perceptual rating of voice is one component of voice evaluation, and the CAPE-V is one of the tools for this purpose. Because of its advantages, the CAPE-V has been adapted into several languages. Accordingly, the adaptation of the CAPE-V into Malay is essential for its utility among the Malaysian population, which this study aimed to accomplish. This study involved translating the CAPE-V into Malay, termed the Malay CAPE-V, followed by establishing its validity. The translation processes (ie, forward translation and backward translation) involved four different translators ie, three speech-language therapists (SLTs), and one linguist with at least 14 years of experience. Most items were similarly translated, except for a few, which were subsequently accepted as similar, following consensus among the translators. In the examination of content validity, two raters (ie, SLTs) with at least 12 years of clinical experience reviewed and scored the tested items. Given that the scale-level content validity index average value (S-CVI/Ave) was above the acceptable level, all items were retained. The examination of construct validity and concurrent validity involved ratings of voice samples recorded from 38 participants, comprising 19 individuals with normal and disordered voices, respectively. The ratings were performed by three raters (ie, SLTs) with at least 12 years of clinical experience. For the construct validity, the Mann-Whitney U test indicated significantly higher scores of the vocal parameters of the Malay CAPE-V for the disordered voice group than for the normal voice group. Meanwhile, for the concurrent validity, the Spearman correlation indicated that all relationships between the scores of the vocal parameters of the Malay CAPE-V and GRBAS Scale were significant, with most of them achieving a very strong positive correlation. The results demonstrated that the Malay CAPE-V is a valid tool for an auditory-perceptual rating of voice among the Malaysian population.

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