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Prevalence of Laryngopharyngeal Symptoms in Patients With Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Refractory to Medical Therapy Undergoing Esophagogastroduodenoscopy

      Summary

      Objective

      Casting more information on the link between GERD and LPR by investigating the prevalence of laryngopharyngeal symptoms in patients with severe GERD refractory to medical treatment.

      Design

      Prospective Study

      Methods

      Fifty patients with typical GERD symptoms presenting for EGD were recruited. All patients filled the GERD-Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQL) questionnaire and were screened for LPR using the Reflux Symptom Score questionnaire. All patients were also evaluated for the presence of hiatal hernia, esophagitis, inlet patch, gastritis (erosive vs. non erosive), polyps, intestinal metaplasia and or Helicobacter pylori infection. Laryngeal images were taken during EGD and evaluated using the Reflux Sign Assessment (RSA).

      Results

      A total of 50 patients were recruited for this study. The prevalence of heartburn was the highest (90%). The mean score of GERD-HRQL was 30.76±15.09. The mean RSS score was 70.96±46.08. Laryngeal examination was documented in 49 patients. the most common finding was edema (34.7%) followed by redness (28.6%). The mean RSA score for the total group was 21.15±8.04. There was a strong correlation between RSS score and GERD-HQRL score. There was no significant correlation between the RSS and any of the EGD findings (P > 0.05). There was no significant correlation between RSA and GERD-HRQL scores or any of the EGD findings (P > 0.05). However, there was a significant correlation between total RSA and RSS scores (rho=0.287, P = 0.04).

      Conclusion

      The suggested high prevalence of LPRD should alarm the treating physician to the need for a thorough otolaryngologic examination in patients presenting with severe GERD, particularly those in whom the LPR symptoms may be masked by the typical symptoms of GERD.

      Key Words

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