Acute Vocal Fold Hemorrhage: Retrospective Analysis in a Voice Unit

Published:September 27, 2022DOI:



      To describe our experience in diagnosis, evaluation, management and evolution of adult patients diagnosed with vocal fold hemorrhage (VFH) in the Voice Unit at Universidad Católica Clinical Hospital Santiago, Chile.

      Study design

      Retrospective chart review.


      Adult patients diagnosed with VFH between 2012 and 2020 were included. Demographic data, medical and vocal history, vocal symptoms and questionnaires, laryngeal videostroboscopy, treatment, and follow-up controls were reviewed.


      A total of 34 patients were included, 52.9% (18) patients were female and 47.1% (16) male. Mean age was 42 years (22-76 years) and 47.1% were professional voice users. Principal voice symptoms were dysphonia (32/34), vocal fatigue (21/34) and throat clearing (17/34). Twenty-six (76.5%) patients had VFH and a concomitant lesion in the same vocal fold (VF), being a hemorrhagic polyp the most prevalent associated lesion (61.8%). All patients were managed initially with voice rest, showing improvement at first follow up visit according to VRQOL-STD (mean difference -32.43, P = 0.009) and VHI-10 (mean difference 11.22, P = 0.036), and laryngeal videostroboscopic resolution in 66.7% (8/12) at a mean 12.5 (range 6-30) days.


      VFH is an infrequent phonotraumatic condition. More studies are needed to advance in knowledge of this pathology as there is contradictory evidence in the literature regarding predisposing factors, evolution and prognosis of this condition.


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