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Effects of Warm-up Focused on the Mind–Body on Choral Performance

  • Yui Katada
    Affiliations
    Department of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Minami-ohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo, 192-0397, Japan
    Search for articles by this author
  • Naomi Yoshida
    Affiliations
    Department of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Minami-ohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo, 192-0397, Japan
    Search for articles by this author
  • Ichiro Kita
    Correspondence
    Address correspondence and reprint requests to Ichiro Kita, Department of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Minami-ohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo, 192-0397, Japan.
    Affiliations
    Department of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Minami-ohsawa, Hachioji, Tokyo, 192-0397, Japan
    Search for articles by this author
Published:September 22, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2022.08.023

      Summary

      Objective

      In choral performance, a wide variety of musical expression is required to deliver the worldview of the work to the audience. Singers need to regulate their mind-body to be in the optimal state, which includes relaxed concentration and flexible kinesthetic controllability in sensation, expression, and vocalization, for the chorus. Therefore, a choral warm-up focused on the mind-body could be crucial for various musical expressions. However, what kind of warm-up helps the singer achieve the optimal condition for the chorus remains unclear. Here, we investigated the effects of a warm-up method focusing on breathing, physical movement, imagery, and the combination of those factors on singing performance.

      Method

      Twenty-five choral singers were randomly assigned to five groups, and then singers for each group online conducted one of five warm-up conditions (breathing / stretching / imagery work / all works / control) and performed singing tasks to evaluate singing performance, including sensation, expression, and vocalization, both subjectively and objectively. Changes in mood were also measured using the second edition of the Profile of Mood States.

      Results

      The results showed that the warm-up with imagery work or all works could objectively and subjectively enhance singing performance. By contrast, the warm-up with breathing or stretching did not significantly improve performance, but did enhance subjective evaluations in general. In addition, no significant correlations were found between the objective performance evaluations and changes in individual mood.

      Conclusions

      These results suggest that a warm-up focusing on mind-body interventions, especially imagery work, may enhance choral performance, thereby providing new insight for the establishment of more effective choral warm-up methods.

      Key Words

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