Advertisement

Listeners’ Attitudes Towards Young Women With Glottal Fry

Published:October 10, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2022.09.007

      Summary

      Purpose

      Glottal fry is an increasingly prevalent voice type in young female speakers. The purpose of this study was to identify employers’ perceptions toward young female speakers presenting with glottal fry and the impact on hirability.

      Methods

      Sixty employers responsible for hiring at their business in the Southeast region of the United States completed a survey developed to capture employers’ perceptions toward young women using glottal fry. Employers listened to three voice samples of young women with varying levels of glottal fry and rated the voice on 14 semantic differential items. The semantic differential items were derived from the hiring constructs literature to capture perceptions related to mental capability, personality tendencies, and applied social skills. Additionally, questions related to hirability were captured at the end of the survey.

      Results

      Employers were able to identify continuous glottal fry compared to nonglottal fry voice samples. Employers rated voice samples with glottal fry more negatively (eg, less trustworthy, less competent, less educated) compared to nonglottal fry voice samples and were less likely to hire female speakers with continuous glottal fry.

      Conclusion

      This study highlights the impact of negative perceptions toward glottal fry on hirability of young female speakers. Such information can provide insight to increase awareness of the impact of a voice type on listener perceptions and communication among young female speakers.

      Key Words

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Journal of Voice
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      REFERENCES

        • Crow KM
        • van Mersbergen M
        • Payne AE.
        Vocal congruence: the voice and the self measured by interoceptive awareness.
        J Voice. 2019; 35 (-324.e28): 324.e15https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.08.027
        • Stemple JC
        • Roy N
        • Klaben B.
        Clinical Voice Pathology: Theory and Management.
        6th. Plural Publishing Inc, San Diego, CA2018
        • Zemlin WR.
        Speech and Hearing Science: Anatomy and Physiology.
        4th. Allyn and Bacon, Boston, MA1998
        • Hollien H.
        On vocal registers.
        J Phon. 1974; 2: 125-143https://doi.org/10.1016/s0095-4470(19)31188-x
        • Jiang J
        • Lin E
        • Hanson DG.
        Vocal fold physiology.
        Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2000; 33: 699-718https://doi.org/10.1016/s0030-6665(05)70238-3
        • Seikel JA
        • Drumright DG
        • King DW.
        Anatomy & Physiology for Speech, Language, and Hearing.
        5th. Cengage Learning, Boston, MA2015
        • Hollien H
        • Moore P
        • Wendahl RW
        • et al.
        On the nature of vocal fry.
        J Speech Hear Res. 1966; 9: 245-247https://doi.org/10.1044/jshr.0902.245
        • Baus C
        • McAleer P
        • Marcoux K
        • et al.
        Forming social impressions from voices in native and foreign languages.
        Sci Rep. 2019; 9https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-36518-6
        • Gallena SK
        • Pinto JA.
        How graduate students with vocal fry are perceived by speech-language pathologists.
        Perspect ASHA Special Interest Groups. 2021; 6: 1554-1565https://doi.org/10.1044/2021_persp-21-00083
        • Ligon C
        • Rountrey C
        • Rank NV
        • et al.
        Perceived desirability of vocal fry among female speech communication disorders graduate students.
        J Voice. 2018; 33 (-805.e35): 805.e21https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2018.03.010
        • Venkatraman A
        • Sivasankar MP.
        Continuous vocal fry simulated in laboratory subjects: a preliminary report on vocal production and listener ratings.
        Am J Speech Lang Pathol. 2018; 27: 1539-1545https://doi.org/10.1044/2018_ajslp-17-0212
        • Yuasa IP.
        Creaky voice: a new feminine voice quality for young urban-oriented upwardly mobile American women?.
        Am Speech. 2010; 85: 315-337https://doi.org/10.1215/00031283-2010-018
        • Abdelli-Beruh NB
        • Wolk L
        • Slavin D.
        Prevalence of vocal fry in young adult male American English speakers.
        J Voice. 2014; 28: 185-190
        • Borrie SA
        • Delfino CR.
        Conversational entrainment of vocal fry in young adult female American English speakers.
        J Voice. 2017; 31: 513.e25-513.e32https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2016.12.005
        • Oliveira G
        • Davidson A
        • Holczer R
        • et al.
        A comparison of the use of glottal fry in the spontaneous speech of young and middle-aged American women.
        J Voice. 2015; 30: 684-687https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2015.08.015
        • Wolk L
        • Abdelli-Beruh NB
        • Slavin D.
        Habitual use of vocal fry in young adult female speakers.
        J Voice. 2012; 26: e111-e116https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2011.04.007
        • Blomgren M
        • Chen Y
        • Ng ML
        • et al.
        Acoustic, aerodynamic, physiologic, and perceptual properties of modal and vocal fry registers.
        J Acoust Soc. 1998; 103: 2649-2658https://doi.org/10.1121/1.422785
        • Chen Y
        • Robb MP
        • Gilbert HR.
        Electroglottographic evaluation of gender and vowel effects during modal and vocal fry phonation.
        J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2002; 45: 821-829https://doi.org/10.1044/1092-4388(2002/066)
        • Hollien H
        • Wendahl RW.
        Perceptual study of vocal fry.
        J Accost Soc Am. 1968; 43: 506-509https://doi.org/10.1121/1.1910858
        • Paolillo NP
        • Carrozza L
        • Osio M
        • et al.
        Inspiratory vocal fry: anatomical and physiological aspects, application in speech therapy, vocal pedagogy and singing. A pilot study.
        J Voice. 2021; 35https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2019.10.004
      1. Blum H. Totally fried. TheASHA Leader. Published online 2016.

        • Gottliebson RO
        • Lee L
        • Weinrich B
        • et al.
        Voice problems of future speech-language pathologists.
        J Voice. 2007; 21: 699-704https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2006.07.003
        • Anderson RC
        • Klofstad CA
        • Mayew WJ
        • et al.
        Vocal fry may undermine the success of young women in the labor market.
        PLoS One. 2014; 9e97506https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0097506
        • Amir O
        • Levine-Yundof R.
        Listeners’ attitude toward people with dysphonia.
        J Voice. 2013; 27 (-10): 524.e1https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2013.01.015
        • Chambers JK.
        Sociolinguistic Theory: Linguistic Variation and Its Social Significance.
        Revised. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ2009
        • George Herbert Mead GH.
        Mind.
        in: Morris CW Mind, Self, and Society. The University Of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL2015: 61-68
        • Scott S
        • McGettigan C.
        The voice: from identity to interactions.
        in: Matsumoto D Hwang HC Frank MG APA Handbook of Nonverbal Communication. American Psychological Association, Washington, DC2016: 289-305 (Published online)
        • Huffcutt AI
        • Conway JM
        • Roth PL
        • et al.
        Identification and meta-analytic assessment of psychological constructs measured in employment interviews.
        J Appl Psycho. 2001; 86: 897-913https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.86.5.897
        • Sackett PR
        • Lievens F.
        Personnel selection.
        Annu Rev Psychol. 2008; 59: 419-450https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.59.103006.093716
        • Morgeson FP
        • Reider MH
        • Campion M.
        Selecting individuals in team settings: the importance of social skills, personality characteristics, and teamwork knowledge.
        Pers Psychol. 2005; 58: 583-611https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-6570.2005.655.x
        • Harris PA
        • Taylor R
        • Thielke R
        • et al.
        Research electronic data capture (REDCap)—A metadata-driven methodology and workflow process for providing translational research informatics support.
        J Biomed Inform. 2009; 42: 377-381https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2008.08.010
        • Harris PA
        • Taylor R
        • Minor BL
        • et al.
        The REDCap consortium: Building an international community of software platform partners.
        J Biomed Inform. 2019; : 95https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2019.103208