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The Diagnosis and Time of Onset of Voice Disorders in Patients with Chronic Cough

Published:November 08, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2022.09.021

      Summary

      Objectives

      Chronic cough is a complaint of up to 46% of patients referred to specialist clinics. Patients with cough often report hoarseness at the time of the cough diagnosis. When the cough fails to resolve with standard medications, referrals to other specialists including otolaryngologists are made. This is the first study to report the specific diagnosis and length of time it took to obtain a specific voice disorder diagnosis in patients with chronic cough.

      Study Design

      Case Series

      Methods

      The charts of 105 patients referred to the Loma Linda Voice and Swallowing Center were reviewed. The first complaint of cough and/or hoarseness and the specific voice disorder diagnosis following otolaryngologic evaluation were identified. Voice disorders were divided into neurogenic or other/functional disorders and common comorbidities were identified. Statistical analysis between diagnostic groups, gender, and age were obtained.

      Results

      The specific voice disorders in the cohort were identified. There was a high prevalence of neurogenic voice disorders (n = 85, 81%). There were significant relationships between chronic cough and the two most common neurogenic voice disorders, vocal fold paresis and vocal fold atrophy. The average length of time between complaint of hoarseness and the specific voice disorder diagnosis was 32.3 months. Most patients (86%) complained of voice problems after diagnosis of chronic cough. A significant association was found in prevalence of asthma (OR = 4.52, P = 0.02) and dyspnea (OR = 4.24, P = 0.02) in the cohort who presented first with voice complaints and later developed chronic cough.

      Conclusions

      There is a high incidence of neurogenic voice disorders accompanying patients with chronic cough. Understanding the relationship between chronic cough and hoarseness provides the clinician with specific diagnostic information in the treatment of both disorders.

      Keywords

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