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Office-based Laser Therapy in Reinke's Edema: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Published:January 19, 2023DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvoice.2022.12.003

      Summary

      Objective

      To analyze voice outcomes and lesion regression in patients with Reinke's edema treated in the office with lasers.

      Study design

      Systematic review and meta-analysis

      Methods

      The search was performed in the Medline, Embase, Medline, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases using the PRISMA framework. There were no limitations to the year of publication and the search included studies looking at voice outcomes and lesion evolution of in-office laser treatment for Reinke's edema measured through voice-handicap index, acoustic analysis or aerodynamics measures. Risk of bias was assessed using Cochrane's ROBINS-I tool for observational studies. Data analysis was performed SPSS software with a significance level of 5%.

      Results

      The initial search identified 650 articles, 6 of which met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed. The total number of participants was 58. Meta-analysis showed significant improvement in VHI-10 scores after in-office laser therapy (95% CI, [-1.46; -0.75]). It also showed significant improvement in jitter, significant increase in fundamental frequency (95% CI, [0.52; 1.71]) and significant decrease in lesion size (95% CI, [-2.03; -0.35]).

      Conclusion

      Office-based laser therapy is a reliable alternative to the traditional phono-microsurgery performed in the operating room. Patients show significant improvement in voice outcomes and laryngeal examination.

      Key words

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