Review Article|Articles in Press

Influence of Teachers' Vocal Quality on Students' Learning and/or Cognition: A Scoping Review



      To verify if the teacher's vocal quality can influence the student's cognition.


      The present study is a scoping review performed to answer the research question: Can the teacher's vocal quality influence the student's learning and cognition?. To verify if the teacher's vocal quality can influence the student's cognition. The electronic search was performed in PubMed, Lilacs, SciELO, Scopus, Web of Science, Embase, and databases, in addition to a manual search in citation and gray literature. Two independent authors performed selection and extraction. Data were extracted about the study design: the sample, the cognitive tests used, the assessed cognitive skills, the type of altered voice (real or simulated), the assessment of the vocal quality, alone or associated with environmental noise, and the main outcomes evaluated.


      The initial research identified 476 articles, and 13 were selected for analysis. Seven (54%) studies evaluated the impact of altered voices in an isolated way on cognitive abilities. From these, they verified that the altered voices could negatively influence children's cognitive performance. Other 6 studies (46%) associated altered voices with competitive noise in their analysis, and 4 concluded that competitive noise rather than altered voices influenced students' cognitive performance.


      The altered voice seems to affect the cognitive tasks involved in the learning process. The competitive noise associated with the presentation of deviant voices had a stronger influence on cognitive performance than altered voice alone, demonstrating that cognitive performance is sensitive to the stages of information acquisition (input of acoustic signals).

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